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Download Latest Newsletter (Issue 179)
   
Carbon Capture & Storage Capture Ready CCS Projects
How does CCS Work
CCS History
CCS Projects
 
CCS History
The research on carbon sequestration dates back to 1975, but rapid development occurred only in recent years.
 
Although human society has been searching for economical and clean new energy sources for several decades, official forecasts such as the IEA show that fossil fuels will still remain as the primary energy used throughout the 21st century. Therefore the elevation of atmospheric CO2 concentrations resulting from human-caused emissions is inevitable unless CCS is used on a global scale. The concept of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is novel, and its future role is still disputed by some environmentalists. However, CCS will undoubtedly receive more and more attention by Governments in the process of combating climate change based on its expected technical development and cost reduction.
 
It is worthwhile to note that the Bush Administration proposed a new idea to address global warming instead of complying with the Kyoto Protocol so as to protect its own economic interests, namely seeking a long-term effective method to realise greenhouse gas emission reduction, rather than simply restrain energy consumption. CCS has been proposed as an important technology to address global warming under this policy.
 
 
 
The time frame for carbon capture and storage is shown in the schedule below:
 
Early 1970s The use of CO2 for commercial EOR began in US in the early 1970s
1989 The Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technologies Program (CCSTP) at MIT Initiated
1991 The Norwegian government instituted a tax on CO2 emissions
1996 Sleipner—a carbon dioxide capture-and-storage project
1997 DGC (Dakota Gasif'n Co) Great Plains coal-SNG plant agreed to send part of its waste gas (96% CO2) to the Weyburn oil field in Canada for EOR
1998 EnCana announced plans to implement Weyburn EOR project
2000 CO2 Injection for EOR began in Weyburn oilfield
  CCP Phase I: Apr 2000-Dec 2003
July 2000 The Carbon Sequestration Initiative launched
2001 The UNFCCC invited IPCC to prepare a special report on CCS technologies
November 2001 The RECOPOL project started in November 1, 2001
  “Clean Energy: Facing the Future” Programme
April 2002 IPCC decided to hold a workshop to do a literature search on CCS
2003 U.S. Department of Energy first budget for carbon capture and storage research
February 2003 The US federal government announced FutureGen clean coal  'zero emissions' Project
June 2003 The inaugural meeting of the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) was held
July 2003 Tsinghua-BP Clean Energy Research and Education Centre was launched
18 August, 2003 The U.S. Department of Energy named the seven regional partnerships on CCS
2004 CO2 Capture Project Phase II (CCP2): 20042008
2005 CCS technology was integrated into national development plan of China
January 2005 EU Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) commenced operation
1 July, 2005 The UK Carbon Capture and Storage Consortium (UKCCSC) started
Autumn 2005 The new Norwegian government aims to make Norway the front-runner in CCS
August 2005 GCEP International Workshop on Clean Coal Technology Development held in China
September 2005 The Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage was established
  Near Zero Emission Coal Project (NZEC) Agreement between UK and China was signed
October 2005 Carbon Capture and Storage Association (CCSA) established
December 2005 Greengen Co., Ltd was initiated by China Huaneng Group as its committment to promote the GREENGEN project; design of Phase I of Greengen, an IGCC pilot project in Tianjin, was accomplished for construction.
2006 China State High-Tech Program (863) R&D Project on CO2 capture and CO2-EOR
21 November, 2006 The launch meeting for the new European COACH project (COoperation Action within CCS CHina-EU) was held in Beijing
April 2007 Exploitation of CO2-containing natural gas, CO2 storage and utilization in Jilin oil field
May 2007 Website of Carbon Capture Journal launched
July 2007 Qinshui Project - Enhanced Coal Bed Methane (ECBM)
August 2007 BP and Chinese Academy of Sciences signed the MoU to establish the Clean Energy Commercialization Centre
September, 2007 The North American Carbon Capture & Storage Association (NACCSA)
6 September, 2007 Australia and China signed a CCS partnership agreement
2008 Researches and debates on Carbon Capture Ready (CCR) become active
January 2008 Carbon Capture Journal published the first issue of its print magazine in January 2008
  The Department of Energy announced  restructuring and delay to FutureGen project
June 2008 The US government called for proposals to elicit commercial involvement in FutureGen project
31 July, 2008 The CSIRO and its Chinese partners launched a PCC pilot plant in Beijing
14 August, 2008 R&D on new organic liquids to capture CO2
20 August, 2008 Irish Energy Group Providence Resources Launches Carbon Capture Scheme
  CCS post-catpture on-site pilot plant startup in Germany (Vattenfall Co, Schwarze Pumpe coal powerplant)
September 2008 The Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute planned
26 November, 2008 UK Energy Bill received Royal assent
  BP and CAS established the Clean Energy Commercialization Center
December 2008 Carbon Assessment Software developed
  CCS Inclusion in Kyoto CDM mechanism postponed
Early 2009 GreenGen Project (Phase I) led by China Huaneng Group (CHNG) will begin construction in early 2009
April 2009 Partial CCS to be required on all new coal-fired power stations in the UK
  The UK Government to put a levy mechanism in place to fund up to four CCS demonstration projects, as well as £90 million of funding for post-combustion capture studies
  The UK Government launches "capture-ready" public consultation

 

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