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Download Latest Newsletter (Issue 179)
Carbon Capture & Storage Capture Ready CCS Projects

According to the International Emissions Trading Association (IETA), carbon capture and storage – CCS for the connoisseurs - is a low-hanging fruit which could potentially be one of the main solutions to climate change.
"It becomes obvious that CCS will play a significant and growing role as one of the major building blocks of a solution to the climate crisis," Al Gore said at the New York University School of Law on 18 September, 2006. It requires a significant increase by governments and business in advanced research and development to speed the availability of more effective technologies that can help solve the climate crisis more quickly, he further stated.
Carbon Capture and Storage is a way of keeping man-made CO2  for a wide variety of industrial sources from entering the atmosphere and contributing to global warming., as a CCS information hub, specializes in providing a wide range of expert information services on carbon capture and storage worldwide. 


How does CCS Work

Carbon Capture and Storage, also known as Carbon Capture and Sequestration, refers to a process involving the capture and separation of CO2 emitted from large-scale fixed sources, transport to a storage site and long-term isolation from the atmosphere. In general, CCS system consists of the following three stages:
■ Capture and separation
■ Transportation
■ Injection and storage


CCS History
The research on carbon sequestration dates back to 1975, but rapid development occurred only in recent years. Although human society has been searching for economical and clean new energy sources for several decades, official forecasts such as the IEA show that fossil fuels will still remain as the primary energy used throughout the 21st century. Therefore the elevation of atmospheric CO2 concentrations resulting from human-caused emissions is inevitable unless CCS is used on a global scale. The concept of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is novel, and its future role is still disputed by some environmentalists.
CCS Projects

The strategy for reducing global carbon dioxide emissions must be a combination of increased energy efficiency, more renewable and low/zero-CO2 (e.g. nuclear) energy production, and a wide implementation of CCS on fossil-fired sources. CCS is a critical option in the portfolio of solutions to combat global climate change. To achieve the potential benefits of CCS and prove the safe and permanent storage of carbon dioxide, it is important to carry out large-scale industrial demonstration and deployment of this technology, and CCS projects are booming worldwide as a result of this realization.


What's Capture Ready

The term of "Capture-Ready" is increasingly used without clarity of its meaning all the time, actually Capture-Ready is a plant design concept enabling fossil fuel plants to be retrofitted in future more economically with carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technologies. Capture-Ready should not be restricted to capture alone in the sense that a CCS project will need to be integrated across capture, transport and storage. Accordingly, the concept of Capture Ready should ideally incorporate plant siting to allow as much as possible of the captured CO2 to be economically transported to the intended storage site in order to lower the total cost of the whole CCS process.

Capture Ready History

Following the G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action, the IEA was invited to investigate the definition of Capture Ready that would avoid capture "lock-in" and minimise retrofit costs. The UK Energy Review published in April 2006 also indicated the importance of exploring Capture Ready technologies.
The IEA CO2 Capture Ready Plants Report released in April 2007 revealed that without design for Capture Readiness, every new power plant built would "lock-in" high CO2 emissions for a generation to come.

Capture Ready Research

Carbon dioxide can be captured from fossil fuel fired power plants, or indeed any large fossil fired industrial combustion plant (e.g. oil refineries, gas production/processing, chemical works, fertilizers, cement, steel, general heavy industry); however, it is not economically neutral or competitive to build power plants equipped with carbon capture currently in markets where non-capture fossil plant is still permitted, especially in liberalised/privatized competitive power markets. The concept of 'Capture Ready' has therefore come into being. A 'Capture Ready' power plant refers to a plant that has been specifically designed and planned so that it can be easily retrofitted with carbon capture when the necessary economic or regulatory drivers come into force. Capture-ready research consists of the study of options for carbon capture retrofit and potential 'pre-investment'; sufficient site space and transport access for the additional facilities; the identification of reasonable transport routes to carbon storage sites, etc.

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